In the scientific publication, “Influence of Oral and Gut Microbiota in the Health of Menopausal Women,” (2017) in the 8th volume of Frontiers in Microbiology, authors Vieira, Castelo, Ribeiro and Ferreira explain how estrogen levels affect which microbes grow in the reproductive and gastrointestinal tract. This has a direct impact on rates of certain diseases commonly found in the post-menopausal female. This is a summary and interpretation of their findings.
The beautiful life of a female involves two important changes in estrogen levels: menarche and menopause. Menarche occurs during adolescence and marks the onset of menstruation and potential reproduction. The second change is during menopause, when menstruation ends and the ovaries become non-reproductive. Estrogen has a huge impact on her physical wellness, emotions, memory, sensitivity to pain, and even the microbes that grow in her reproductive and gastrointestinal tract.
For years, the medical community has known that there are differences in the rates of autoimmune diseases between men and women and even pre- and post-menopausal women. Although we have known about the impact of estrogen, the role of the natural microbes living in the female body is just starting to reveal itself. We now know that estrogen levels impact which microbes grow in the mouth, the gut and the reproductive tract (possibly other locations, as well). This has an impact on Periodontitis, Autoimmune Disease, Type I Diabetes, Osteoporosis and even Breast Cancer.
Kenda Rigdon, Ph.D. Nutrition Sciences Research Associate, Wife, Mother of 3 and Enthusiast for all things Microbiome and gut related!
Check out this blog in the April, 2018 edition of the Birmingham Metro magazine: b-metro.com/b-yourself-kenda-rigdon/34337/
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