In the Scientific Publication, “Evaluating Causality of Gut Microbiota in Obesity and Diabetes in Humans,” (2018) in the 39th volume, 2nd issue of Gut Microbiota and Human Metabolic Disease, authors Meijnikman, Gerdes, Nieuwdorp and Herrema review the relationship between the gut microbiome and metabolism changes in Obesity and Type II Diabetes Mellitus. This is a summary and interpretation of their findings.
TROUBLES OF TODAY
Currently, the CDC estimates that more than 1 in 3 U.S. adults are obese (36.5% of the Adult U.S. population). In an alarming trend, we are now seeing higher rates of obesity in children and adolescents. Obesity has been linked to several metabolic disorders and chronic inflammatory diseases such as Cancer, Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease. It is now reported that 9.4%, or about 1 in 10, U.S. adults suffer from Type II Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). If numbers like these do not get your attention, you may not be fully aware of the situation we face.
FACADE OF FREEDOM
We are living in a society that only pretends to be free. We say, “I have the freedom to drink a 96 oz. soda if I want” or, “I have the freedom to eat what I want, when I want it.” The delusion of this way of thinking assumes that the “rules” do not apply to you. Do we think that the mechanisms of the human
In the publication, “The Influence of the Gut Microbiome on Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome and Gastrointestinal Disease,” found in the 6th volume of the Journal, Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology (2015), authors Parekh, P. et al. review the role of the GI tract microbes in human diseases. This is a summary and interpretation of their findings.
With almost 1,000 different species (not individuals, species) of bacteria living in the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract, there is a lot going on in there! Our gut can be a GI “battlefield” full of friends who help us by breaking down toxins, feeding us nutrients, and producing energy for our bodies, or a field full of enemies breaking through holes in our intestines, killing off the good guys and taking over.
Most of us know that obesity is when you have excess body fat. Sometimes, when we have excess body fat, especially in the abdomen, we can also have Metabolic Syndrome. Did you know that the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) states that almost 35% of American adults live with Metabolic Syndrome? What does Metabolic Syndrome mean? Metabolic syndrome is when you have a disorder of energy storage. This often results in a larger waist line, high blood pressure, excess fats in the blood (cholesterol, triglycerides) and insulin resistance (as seen in Diabetes Type II). These factors can lead to heart problems and even death. Why are we talking about this in an article about gut bacteria? Well, researchers are now learning a lot more about how gut bacteria affect food energy storage and insulin resistance.
THE “GOOD GUYS”
Certain bacteria in your gut, called Methanogens, break down sugars in your food into products called short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). These SCFAs are energy for the host (that’s you)! Pretty neat, huh? SCFAs have also been found to be protective against diet-linked obesity and insulin resistance.
Kenda Rigdon, Ph.D. Nutrition Sciences Research Associate, Wife, Mother of 3 and Enthusiast for all things Microbiome and gut related!
Check out this blog in the April, 2018 edition of the Birmingham Metro magazine: b-metro.com/b-yourself-kenda-rigdon/34337/
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